Health, according to the World Health Organization, is “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity”. A variety of definitions have been used for different purposes over time. Health can be promoted by encouraging healthful activities, such as regular physical exercise and adequate sleep, and by reducing or avoiding unhealthful activities or situations, such as smoking or excessive stress. Some factors affecting health are due to individual choices, such as whether to engage in a high-risk behavior, while others are due to structural causes, such as whether the society is arranged in a way that makes it easier or harder for people to get necessary healthcare services. Still other factors are beyond both individual and group choices, such as genetic disorders.
Now Read Carefully details
Gestational diabetes in pregnant women is a common occurence, but it should be something they should keep an eye on.
Diabetes is a chronic medical and lifestyle disorder affecting people worldwide. It is a disease in which the blood sugar rises and if not controlled, it adversely affects all the systems of the body. Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition in which blood sugar rises above normal level affecting only during pregnancy and might return to normal after 3 months of delivery of the baby.
In general, diabetes can be Type 1 (insulin dependent) or Type 2 (non-insulin dependent).
Risk factors of diabetes
- Polycystic ovaries
- Previous impaired glucose tolerance test
- History of macrosomia
- Family history of diabetes
All women planning for pregnancy should be screened in preconception period with glucose tolerance test and HbA1c.
According to guidelines related to diagnosis and management of gestational diabetes mellitus, issued by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2018, all pregnant women
should be tested for gestational diabetes mellitus twice during pregnancy.
The first test should be done as early as possible and the second is repeated at 24-28 weeks if the first report is negative.
Also, read: Dear pregnant women, this is how you can prevent gestational diabetes
The test is done with an oral intake of 75 grams of glucose in 300 ml of water to be taken within 5-10 minutes irrespective of fasting state.
A single value of blood sugar is measured at 2 hour post ingestion of glucose. Cut off for diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus is more than or equal to 140 mg/dl.
The treatment includes lifestyle modification, oral hypoglycemics and/or insulin. If not treated then high blood sugar values may have adverse effects on pregnancy. Also, women with gestational diabetes have increased risk of Type 2 diabetes in later life which can be reduced by breastfeeding.
The benefits of breastfeeding are widely known for mother and baby.
- It fastens the weight loss post delivery
- Decreases the risk of postpartum depression
- Stimulates and contracts the uterus to return to pre pre-pregnancy state. Breastfed babies get all nutrition from mother’s milk which is easily digestible, provides immunoglobulins and antibodies which aids in protecting babies from various illnesses.
- Breastfeeding also creates positive feelings in the mother and
- establishes the emotional bond between mother and baby.
Women with gestational diabetes have added advantage as breastfeeding because:
- It lowers the blood glucose levels
- It increases insulin sensitivity and thus improving glucose metabolism.
- It significantly reduces the risk of development of Type 2 diabetes in later life.
Breastfeeding should be encouraged in all women for the benefits but women with gestational diabetes should be encouraged even more for the added benefits.
Disclaimer Of https://thewomeninterest.com/
It must be agreed that the use of https://thewomeninterest.com/ website shall be at the user’s sole risk. To the maximum extent permitted by law, https://thewomeninterest.com/, its directors, employees, and agents will make no representations about the exactness of the website’s content or the content of any sites linked to the website of. https://thewomeninterest.com/ assumes:
no liability or responsibility for any errors, or inaccuracies,
personal injury or any damage to property resulting from the user’s access to and use of the website,
any interruption or cessation of transmission in relation to our website,
any bugs, Trojan horses, or viruses, which may be transmitted through the website or by any third party
any omissions or errors in content by way of content posted, transmitted, or emailed.
https://thewomeninterest.com/ does not guarantee, endorse, or assume responsibility for any product or service offered by a third party through the https://thewomeninterest.com/ website or any hyperlinked website or other advertising, and https://thewomeninterest.com/ will not be in any way be responsible for monitoring any transaction between the user and the third-party providers of services or products. The user should use his/her best judgment and exercise caution where appropriate. https://thewomeninterest.com/’s website may include hyperlinks to other websites owned or operated by parties other than us. https://thewomeninterest.com/ will not be held responsible for the exactness or availability of such other websites. Any inclusion of the hyperlink does not refer to any endorsement or recommendation of the content on such third-party websites.
It is reiterated that not all treatments that appear here at https://thewomeninterest.com/ website have been proven on a scientific basis. The information available on this site should in no way replace the advice of a doctor. https://thewomeninterest.com/ does not assume responsibility for the accuracy of the information provided here.
Please check with a professional or doctor before using any of the suggestions mentioned. https://thewomeninterest.com/ respects the intellectual property of others, and we request our users to do the same. https://thewomeninterest.com/ bears no responsibility for the content on other websites that the user may find while using Thewomeninterest.com products or services.